Names of persons, places, or things are known as nouns in the English Language. Some examples of nouns are water, ostrich, ram, and computer. In other words, adjectives tell us the quality of nouns. Examples of adjectives are fresh, fiery, tall, and new. Using the example words in sentences:.
Fresh is describing the quality of water, fiery of the river Ganges, tall of the man named Ram, and new is describing the computer. Every word ideally belongs to a certain part of speech.
But, this does not stop a word from playing a role different from the part of speech it belongs to. Many times, nouns are used to describe other nouns, and adjectives are used as nouns. Nouns used as adjectives have already been discussed in the article: Activity to Teach Nouns Versus Adjectives. Through this article we look at adjectives being used as nouns. Adjectives are often used as nouns. The specific cases are: Ellipses of Noun Phrases : Ellipsis is the shortening of a phrase.
In this case, we specifically look at noun phrases. Adjectives can act as nouns and can be a subject, object, or complement in a sentence. Lets us look at the following examples:. The full noun phrases could be:. In the examples illustrated above, the adjectives acting as nouns form a part of the subject.
Further using the above examples as objects:. Nouns Formed by Conversion Adjectives can be used as proper nouns, common nouns, and abstract nouns.Advanced English Lesson: Using ADJECTIVES as NOUNS
When a word is used as a different part of speech without introducing any change to the form of the original word it is known as conversion. Let us look at some examples:. The above sentences make it clear how the same word can be used as a different part of speech. Other Cases Proper nouns like Indian, American, and African are words that can act as adjectives as well as nouns.
It totally depends on the usage of the word that is whether it is in the plural form or the singular form. If the word is in the plural form it is acting as a noun and in the singular form it could be acting as an adjective or a noun. Remember, that once again the usage of the word determines that what part or speech the word belongs to. Page content. Nouns as Adjectives Adjectives as Nouns. Nouns as Adjectives Names of persons, places, or things are known as nouns in the English Language.
The article changes based on the word immediately following, not necessarily on the noun. There is no difference in meaning between "a" and "an" - the distinction is used to preserve an alternation between vowels and consonants when the sentence is spoken aloud. Be aware that speakers of American and British English observe different rules mainly because we can't agree on whether to pronounce the letter H or not!
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Asked 9 years, 7 months ago. Active 17 days ago. Viewed 87k times. Matt E. Caspar Kleijne Caspar Kleijne 2 2 gold badges 3 3 silver badges 10 10 bronze badges. Use a. There's a vowel sound? Usa an. Alenanno thank you for your response.
I did looked up similar questions, however, the queries I entered yielded no results. I can close this question since it is a duplicate? Caspar: I'm not sure you can close it by yourself I voted to close it, eheh, we must wait for others to close it.
I understand you didn't find them, anyway, I was having a hard time as well! Caspar: thanks for flagging this yourself, this is really appreciated.In linguisticsan adjective abbreviated adj is a word that modifies a noun or noun phrase or describes its referent.
Its semantic role is to change information given by the noun. Adjectives are one of the main parts of speech of the English language, although historically they were classed together with nouns.
Depending on the language, an adjective can precede a corresponding noun on a prepositive basis or it can follow a corresponding noun on a postpositive basis.
Structural, contextual, and style considerations can impinge on the pre- or post- position of an adjective in a given instance of its occurrence. In English, occurrences of adjectives generally can be classified into one of three categories:. Adjectives feature as a part of speech word class in most languages. In some languages, the words that serve the semantic function of adjectives are categorized together with some other class, such as nouns or verbs.
In the phrase "a Ford car", "Ford" is unquestionably a noun but its function is adjectival: to modify "car". In some languages adjectives can function as nouns: for example, the Spanish phrase " uno rojo " means "a red [one]". As for "confusion" with verbs, rather than an adjective meaning "big", a language might have a verb that means "to be big" and could then use an attributive verb construction analogous to "big-being house" to express what in English is called a "big house".
Such an analysis is possible for the grammar of Standard Chinesefor example. Different languages do not use adjectives in exactly the same situations. For example, where English uses " to be hungry " hungry being an adjectiveDutchFrenchand Spanish use " honger hebben ", " avoir faim ", and " tener hambre " respectively literally "to have hunger", the words for "hunger" being nouns.
In languages that have adjectives as a word class, it is usually an open class ; that is, it is relatively common for new adjectives to be formed via such processes as derivation. However, Bantu languages are well known for having only a small closed class of adjectives, and new adjectives are not easily derived. Similarly, native Japanese adjectives i -adjectives are considered a closed class as are native verbsalthough nouns an open class may be used in the genitive to convey some adjectival meanings, and there is also the separate open class of adjectival nouns na -adjectives.
Many languages including English distinguish between adjectives, which qualify nouns and pronouns, and adverbswhich mainly modify verbsadjectives, or other adverbs. Not all languages make this exact distinction; many including English have words that can function as either. For example, in English, fast is an adjective in "a fast car" where it qualifies the noun car but an adverb in "he drove fast " where it modifies the verb drove.Our three-part English Articles Tutorial gives you 25 usage tips to help you use articles like a native speaker.
Here in part 1, we introduce A and AN and teach you how to choose between the two. The article A is used before singular, countable nouns which begin with consonant sounds.
The article AN is used before singular, countable nouns which begin with vowel sounds. Remember that A AN means "one" or "a single". You cannot use A AN with plural nouns. If there is an adjective or an adverb-adjective combination before the noun, A AN should agree with the first sound in the adjective or the adverb-adjective combination.
Use A before words such as "European" or "university" which sound like they start with a consonant even if the first letter is a vowel. Also use A before letters and numbers which sound like they begin with a consonant, such as "U", "J", "1" or "9". Remember, it is the sound not the spelling which is important. For example, "1" is spelled O-N-E; however, it is pronounced "won" like it starts with a "W". Use AN before words such as "hour" which sound like they start with a vowel even if the first letter is a consonant.
Also use AN before letters and numbers which sound like they begin with a vowel, such as "F" or "8". For example, "F" is pronounced "eff" like it starts with an "E". Some words such as "herb" or "hospital" are more complicated because they are pronounced differently in different English accents.
Nouns as Adjectives | When Nouns Act Like Adjectives
In most American accents, the "h" in "herb" is silent, so Americans usually say "an herb". In many British accents, the "h" in "herb" is pronounced, so many British say "a herb". In some British accents, the "h" in hospital is silent, so some British will say "an hospital" instead of "a hospital".
In English, some nouns are considered uncountable such as: information, air, advice, salt and fun. We do not use A AN with these uncountable nouns. Learn more about countable and uncountable nouns. Continue to Part 2 - A An vs. Menu Articles Intro. An A An vs. The Advanced Articles.
USE 1 The article A is used before singular, countable nouns which begin with consonant sounds. Examples: He is a teacher. She doesn't own a car. I saw a bear at the zoo. Examples: He is an actor. She didn't get an invitation. I saw an eagle at the zoo. Examples: I saw a bears in Yellowstone National Park.
Examples: He is an e xcellent teacher. I saw a r eally beautiful eagle at the zoo. Examples: She has a euro. Sounds like "yu-ro".Log in Register. Search titles only.
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How to Use Nouns as Adjectives in English Grammar
Thread starter jalaluddin Start date Jul 3, Dear Expert, I have a very basic question in which I sometimes get confused. In Articles, Indefinite articles is used before singular countable noun. Can we use indefinite articles before adjective whether it is modifying any type of noun We use "A" with some quantifiers such as a little, a few, a lot of, a bit to make sure such quantity of uncountable of any particular thing.
Could you give an explanation to memorize proper usage 0f A? My mom would say something like, "I picked cotton many a day," but I don't know many a person of my generation or younger who uses "many a" to express plural. Nonetheless, the a comes before a singular noun.
You may have seen "many a man's", such as "Many a man's gone to war. It's an abbreviation for "man has". I drank some sweet tea. I drank a glass of sweet tea. I had a little water. I had a few glasses of water. A lot of or a bit of would be used with non-countable nouns. I drank a lot of water. I drank a bit of tea. If there is an adjective, a comes before the adjective. If the word immediately following the article begins with a vowel, use an.
Natalisha Senior Member Russian.Entry 1 of 2 : a word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages and typically serving as a modifier of a noun to denote a quality of the thing named, to indicate its quantity or extent, or to specify a thing as distinct from something else The word red in "the red car" is an adjective.
Noun Adjectives describe or modify—that is, they limit or restrict the meaning of—nouns and pronouns. They may name qualities of all kinds: hugeredangrytremendousuniquerareetc. An adjective usually comes right before a noun: "a red dress," " fifteen people. Similarly, a few adjectives can only be used as predicate adjectives and are never used before a noun. Some adjectives describe qualities that can exist in different amounts or degrees.
To do this, the adjective will either change in form usually by adding -er or -est or will be used with words like more, most, very, slightly, etc. The four demonstrative adjectives — thisthattheseand those —are identical to the demonstrative pronouns.
They are used to distinguish the person or thing being described from others of the same category or class.
This and these describe people or things that are nearby, or in the present. That and those are used to describe people or things that are not here, not nearby, or in the past or future. These adjectives, like the definite and indefinite articles aan, and thealways come before any other adjectives that modify a noun. An indefinite adjective describes a whole group or class of people or things, or a person or thing that is not identified or familiar. The most common indefinite adjectives are: all, another, any, both, each, either, enough, every, few, half, least, less, little, many, more, most, much, neither, one and two, threeetc.
The interrogative adjectives —primarily whichwhatand whose —are used to begin questions. They can also be used as interrogative pronouns. Which horse did you bet on? What songs did they sing? Whose coat is this? The possessive adjectives — myyourhisheritsourtheir —tell you who has, owns, or has experienced something, as in "I admired her candor, " Our cat is 14 years old," and "They said their trip was wonderful. When they do, they are called attributive nouns.
When two or more adjectives are used before a noun, they should be put in proper order. Any article aanthedemonstrative adjective thatthese, etc.
If there is a number, it comes first or second. True adjectives always come before attributive nouns. Participles are often used like ordinary adjectives. They may come before a noun or after a linking verb. A present participle an -ing word describes the person or thing that causes something; for example, a boring conversation is one that bores you.
A past participle usually an -ed word describes the person or thing who has been affected by something; for example, a bored person is one who has been affected by boredom. They had just watched an exciting soccer game. The instructions were confusing.As you know, a noun is a person, place or thing, and an adjective is a word that describes a noun:. Sometimes we use a noun to describe another noun. In that case, the first noun "acts as" an adjective.
Just like a real adjective, the "noun as adjective" is invariable. It is usually in the singular form. A few nouns look plural but we usually treat them as singular for example news, billiards, athletics. When we use these nouns "as adjectives" they are unchanged:.
Exceptions : When we use certain nouns "as adjectives" clothes, sports, customs, accounts, armswe use them in the plural form:.
a/an + adjective + noun
There are no easy rules for this. We even write some combinations in two or all three different ways: head master, head-master, headmaster. Just like adjectives, we often use more than one "noun as adjective" together. Look at these examples:. England football team coach: we are talking about the coach who trains the team that plays football for England.
Note: in England football team coach can you see a "hidden" "noun as adjective"? Look at the word "football" foot-ball. This is one way that words evolve. Many word combinations that use a "noun as adjective" are regarded as nouns in their own right, with their own dictionary definition. But not all dictionaries agree with each other.
For example, some dictionaries list "tennis ball" as a noun and other dictionaries do not. To understand headlines like these, try reading them backwards. Note, too, that we can still use a real adjective to qualify a "noun as adjective" structure: empty coffee jar honest car salesman delicious dog food rising car production costs famous England football team coach.